William Ewart Gladstone, FRS, FSS (/ˈɡlædˌstən/; 29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British Liberal and earlier conservative politician. In a career lasting over 60 years, he served as Prime Minister four separate times (1868–74, 1880–85, February–July 1886 and 1892–94), more than any other person, and served as Chancellor of the Exchequer four times. Gladstone was also Britain’s oldest Prime Minister; he resigned for the final time when he was 84 years old.
Gladstone was known affectionately by his supporters as “The People’s William” or the “G.O.M.” (“Grand Old Man,” or, according to Disraeli, “God’s Only Mistake”). Gladstone is consistently ranked as one of Britain’s greatest Prime Ministers.