Learn more about John Randolph of Roanoke at Wikipedia.
John Randolph (June 2, 1773 – May 24, 1833), known as John Randolph of Roanoke,[note 1] was a planter, and a Congressman from Virginia, serving in the House of Representatives at various times between 1799 and 1833, the Senate (1825–1827), and also as Minister to Russia (1830). After serving as President Thomas Jefferson’s spokesman in the House, he broke with Jefferson in 1803 and became the leader of the “Old Republican” or “Quids”, an extreme states’ rights vanguard of the Democratic-Republican Party who wanted to restrict the role of the federal government. Specifically, Randolph promoted the Principles of ’98, which said that individual states could judge the constitutionality of central government laws and decrees, and could refuse to enforce laws deemed unconstitutional.
It might surprise you to learn that Randolph freed all his slaves when he died and provided for them as well.